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Linguistic Philosophy

Linguistic philosophy is a unique approach towards understanding languages and philosophy. It is a methodical and analytical study of a language to understand it better and includes the analyses of its structure, meaning, development and evolution through times and its varied interpretation accordingly. Linguistic philosophy believes and wants its students to believe that solutions to philosophical problems can be found by reformation of the language or a deeper and better comprehension of the language. This discipline of study has gained popularity in the 20th century and mostly among American and British philosophers and research scholars on philosophy.

Linguistics, going by the word, implies anything related to language and philosophy is a subject that inculcates an attitude of logical reasoning and a critical assay of the regular life activities, human nature, life, knowledge and humanitarian ethics. The coming together of both is with an intention of building a comprehensive grasp on a language and in turn the relevant philosophies.
Now, there are two dimensions to it, as mentioned earlier, by reforming the language which comes under “ideal language philosophy” and by developing a better understanding of the language which is a part of “ordinary language philosophy”.  Ideal language philosophy is also known as analytic philosophy or logical positivism. The perspective of both the branches of study is same which is about linguistic analysis of philosophy and reaching an eventual solution but the reason which makes them unique and different from each other is the methodology applied for the same. They also exhibit a subtle distinction in their goal or purpose.
Ideal language philosophy exercises the methods and principle of reforms i.e. altering the language and refining it further that will make the analyses of the philosophies easier whereas Ordinary language philosophy does not disturb the language and respects the evolution it has gone through by trying to understand it in its current form and dialect. It puts an effort to clarify the misinterpretations of words and phrases and work towards deciphering ordinary everyday language while Ideal language philosophy does not concentrate and emphasize on the intricate details for the analysis of a philosophy.

Linguistic philosophy is a vast subject that engulfs few interdisciplinary areas of study too. These are:

Philosophy of Language – This field deals with the meaning, reference, description and implications of a language. It also includes presuppositions and truthful relevance and speech acts of the language.

Computational Linguistics – It is an artificial intelligence working with and on the logical and mathematical composition and characteristics of a language.

Traditional areas of Linguistics – It is the study of semantic interpretations of the syntax, rhetorical or lingual semantics and the gradual change in syntactic of the language.

Few other studies associated with Linguistic philosophy are psycholinguistic theories, the processing of natural language, the relationship of philosophy with linguistics i.e. linguistic theories and methodologies.

Linguistic philosophy is also distributed into two types of topics, general topics and specific topics. General topics are more about the methods and style of the subject whereas specific topics are in depth and comprises of processing and learning languages, their changes and various forms of them along with other linguistic theories.

The study of linguistic philosophy aims to answering philosophical problems and can be applied on other fields of studies too to extract the truest sense of those and avoid misconception.